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T - Z

Tablinum – In a Roam domus, the Tablinum was a room generally situated on one side of the atrium and opposite to the entrance. It opened in the rear on to the peristyle, with either a large window or only an anteroom or curtain. The tablinum served as the office in a Roman house, where clients were received.

Taverna – A taverna was an a restaurant that served both food and wine.

Teutoni – The Teutoni were a Germanic Celtic tribe. In the late second century BC, many of the Teutones as well as the Cimbri, migrated from their original homes in southern Scandinavia] south and west to the Danube valley, where they encountered the expanding Roman Republic. The Teutones and Cimbri were recorded as passing west through Gaul before attacking Roman Italy.

Tepidarium - The tepidarium was the warm room of the Roman baths heated by a hypocaust or underfloor heating system.

Tiber River – The Tiber River is the third-longest river in Italy, rising in the Apennine Mountains in Emilia-Romagna and flowing past Rome to the Tyrrhenian Sea.

Tiberius – Tiberius was the second of the Roman emperors following Augustus. He is mentioned near the beginning or Nomenclator: Initium.

Toga – See Roman clothing page.

Tribe - A tribus, or tribe, was a division of the Roman people, constituting the voting units of a legislative assembly of the Roman Republic.

Tribunes There were both civil and military tribunes. Tribunes were elected to represent the interests of the plebs.

Triclinium – The triclinium is a formal dining room in a Roman building.

Tullianum – The Tullianum was the only prison located in Rome. Since criminals faced either banishment of death as a punishment, a prison was only needed as a holding area.

Tunic– See Roman clothing page.

Ultimate Decree – The Ultimate Decree of the Senate or Senatus consultum ultimum is the modern term) given to a decree of the Roman Senate during the late Roman Republic passed in times of emergency. The form was usually consules darent operam ne quid detrimenti res publica caperet or videant consules ne res publica detrimenti capiat ("let the consuls see to it that the state suffer no harm"). The decree gave the consuls absolute authority to restore order.

Vestal Virgins – Vestal Virgins were the priestesses of the goddess Vesta. They entered the order as young girls and were given the option to leave at the age of thirty. If a Vestal violated her commitment to remain a virgin her punishment was to be buried alive.

Vestalis Maxima – The Vestalis Maxima was the chief priestess of the order of the Vestal Virgins.

Villa – The villa was the Roman country house of the upper class. Villas were generally quite lavish. There were two kinds of villas: The villa urbana, which was a country seat that could easily be reached from the city and the Villa rustica, the farm-house estate permanently occupied by the servants who generally had charge of the estate.

Water Clock - A water clock or clepsydra is any timepiece in which time is measured by the regulated flow of liquid into (inflow type) or out from (outflow type) a vessel where the amount is then measured.

Wax Tablet - A wax tablet is a tablet made of wood and covered with a layer of wax, often linked loosely to a cover tablet, as a "double-leaved" diptych. It was used as a reusable and portable writing surface.

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